The game of nine ball is enhanced by the slightly more difficult, yet slightly more exciting, game of ten ball. The only real difference between nine ball and ten ball is the addition of the tenth ball for added difficulty. In the game of ten ball the balls are not counted or are not worth a point value, in fact, the only thing needed is to pocket the tenth ball to claim a victory in ten ball.
Racking the balls in ten ball is a little different from other games as you must make a diamond shape out of the balls that are numbered one through ten, the one ball being the tip. As long as the number ten ball is at the center of the rack and the number one ball is at the tip then it doesn’t matter how the other balls are ordered. After this is set up then the break is like normal, with the cue ball behind the head string.
On the break shot the breaking shooter must either pocket one ball or send four balls to the rails to continue in his/her turn. If the breaking shooter should pocket the cue ball or knock a ball off of the table then his/her shot is lost and his/her opponent is able to re- spot the ball and take a shot. Any balls pocketed by a foul shot must be re-spotted before the opposing shooter can take a legal shot.
A player who continually fouls, either on the break shot or on a succeeding shot that doesn’t result in pocketing a ball or contacting the lowest numbered ball first, has three opportunities to correct the mistake. The player is notified after the second foul and if a third foul is reached then the game is over and the fouling player loses.
If a player is not eliminated as a result of a foul then ten ball billiards continues until the ten ball is legally pocketed. In theory, the first shot should contact the one ball and all shots should initially contact the lowest number until that ten ball is finally pocketed.